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ess sta
nbsp; Latin -osus
Having, with, containing, holding.

Synonyms (move to note)

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Details and Notes

Common Verbs

Meaning Verbal Transitive Modifier
To become. fj* v* (pa)
To come, move. * *
To counter, oppose, fight. kontr* nt* (sta)
To do. prak* (+ act) *
To lack, be without. dew* -ew*(sta)
To face. ant* -ant* (itr)
To give. don* d* (ac)
To have. hab* -os* (ess)
To lose. * lv* (pa)
To receive. * -end* (pa)
To take. * -emp* (ac)
To turn. vert* rt* (itr)

General Noun Modifiers

r* To generate, produce, emit.
q* To use, wield.

-os* Essive of having: To have, possess, hold.
d* Dative agent: To give.
-end* Dative patient: To receive.

-ew* Abessive: State of not having.
-emp* Ablative agent: To take.
lv* Ablative patient: To lose.

-aq* Means.
-tr* Domain, location.
-m* Result.

-ampl* Sufficiency
-ult* Excess of.
-up* Insufficiency of.
-org* Want of.
-urj* Need for, requirement of.

Usage of (-)in* and (-)eks*

  • Location or Facility: Physically present inside/outside or the location/facility.
  • Collection: Belonging/not belonging to the collection, member/not a member of the collection.

Use of these suffixes is inappropriate for the following classes:

  • State: Use -(ew)os* instead. English tends to idiomize having the state as being "in/out of the state", but this idiom is inappropriate in Hilinqwo.

Use of these suffixes is also inappropriate for the following situations:

Usage Examples  


Element Class(es) Gloss / Clarification Taxonomy
abakos* rel ess sta Dusty.
-abos* rel ess sta Having the ability to do the action described by the source base.
acos* rel ess sta Having acid, acidic. Acid
adiposult* a: ext dat Obese.
æmlosi* act m itg Rivalry, opposition, jealousy, envy. Opponent
æþosent* ess tg Alcoholic beverage.
æþos* abs ess sta Containing alcohol, alcoholic.
aktos* rel ess sta Radioactive. Radioactivity
akwos* abs ess sta Having water, hydrated. Does not mean "wet."
aljos* ess sta Containing garlic; flavored with garlic.
almos* ess sta Having education.
amandos* rel ess sta Loveable.
animos* ess sta Animal. Distinct tangible essive of animality. Animal
ankos* ess sta Under pressure, under stress, tight, constricted, painful, anxious. Pain
apros* pos rel ess sta Having beauty; beautiful, desireable. Beauty
armos* ess sta Armed.
artjidaktylos* ind ess Having an even number of fingers or toes.
asjos* rel ess sta With ease, easy. Ease
avaros* rel ess sta Having avidity; greedy.
avabos* abs ess sta Capable of flight, suitable for flight.
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