Words carry a rather large amount of information:

  • For verbs, their argument counts, and restrictions on what sort of thing each argument can be.
  • For nouns, their classes. Tangible versus intangible, countability.
  • Idiosyncratic ways of referring to associated words. For example, English uses several different words to represent collections of different species. These sorts of idiosyncracies are explicitly banned in Hilinqwo.
  • Adjectives could mean something different when applied to different things. This is also an idiosyncratic thing that Hilinqwo seeks to avoid.
  • Adjectives could be used as an implied causative.
  • Some adjectives are gradeable. Some adjectives are enumerable, possessing only two or more distinct states. And some are absolute or binary: either it is or it isn't. Gradable adjectives have comparative and superlative forms, as well as forms that convey concepts such as "so/such", "too" and "enough."
  • Some words make sense only in combination with specific concepts or contexts.
  • Some words have lexical presuppositions.

The definition of each particular element defines these semantic points.

Categories and Prototypes


Formal language (written standard), colloquial language, slang.

Technical language versus "common" language.

Some Specific Semantic Fields


Time within the day; cyclical divisions of time; named periods of time (days of week, months of year, seasons, holidays).

Names and Titles

Expletives and obscenities

Body parts across different registers (neutral, colloquial, vulgar, euphemistic/figurative)