Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker, the addressee, and others. Hilinqwo denotes person through the pronominal bases.

The personal pronouns in Hilinqwo are as follows:

Person Root Etymology Masculine Feminine Collective Distributive
("each of…")
Totalitive
("all of…")
First inclusive eq* ("me, I, we") IE *eg- eqir* eqiß* eqar* qeeq* fraeqar*
First exclusive we* ("you but not me") IE *we-
Second general ju* ("you") IE *yu- juir* juiß* juar* qeju* frajuar*
Third j* ("it") IE *i- jir* jiß* jar* qej* frajar*
Demonstrative proximate þ* ("this") IE *to- þir* þiß* þar* qeþ* fraþar*
Demonstrative obviative l* ("that, the other, another") IE *al- lir* liß* lar* qel* fralar*
Definite h* IE *ko- hir* hiß* har* qeh* frahar*
Reflexive sw* ("oneself") IE *swo- swir* ("himself") swiß* ("herself") swar* ("themselves") qesw* ("each themselves") fraswar* ("all of themselves")
Hypothetical w* IE *oi-no

Hilinqwo makes the following distinctions:

Hilinqwo ignores the following distinctions:

  • Number, unless explicitly referenced by using the collective suffix. This is the case for all Hilinqwo bases.
  • Animacy (people versus other animals or inanimate objects).
  • Whether third persons are present or not.