Some Hilinqwo elements indicate the mood or attitude of the speaker. Usually mood is expressed by using an express word, though there can be cases where the choice of one base over another indicates mood. For those groups that indicate mood, and their respective elements, see the Modal supergroup.

Realis Moods (REAL)

A realis mood is a mood which is used principally to indicate a situation that the speaker knows, understands, or claims to be absolutely true or false.

Mood English Example Hilinqwo Translation Indication or Expression
Indicative (IND)1 "This happens." Þos kerit. Factual statements and positive beliefs. All intentions that a particular language does not categorize as another mood are classified as indicative. This is the default mood for Hilinqwo speech.
Declarative (DEC) "This definitely happens." Verœ þos kerit. Truth without any qualification.
Energetic "This absolutely happens." Strong belief or emphasis by the speaker.

Irrealis Moods

An irrealis moods is any mood that is not a realis mode. That is, an irrealis mood is any more that expresses condition, uncertainy, possibility, wish or desire, fear, counterfactual reasonings, etc.

Note: Terms that are grouped together need disambiguation.

Mood English Example Hilinqwo Translation Indication or Expression
"If this happens… " Þos kerawt. Action is the condition on which something else depends.
Conditional "This would happen."
"This could happen."
"This may happen."2
Makœ Þos kerit. Speak of an event whose realization is dependent upon another condition, particularly, but not exclusively, in conditional sentences.
Potential "This probably happens."
"This has the ability to happen."
Þos kerabosit. In the opinion of the speaker, the action or occurrence is considered likely.
Exceptive3 "This happens unless …" The action is likely or certain to happen unless a certain condition is met.
Volitive (VOL)
"I want this to happen."
"I hope that this happens."
"I wish this would happen."
"I fear that this will happen."
Venosœ þos kerit. "I want …"
Sperosœ þos kerit. "I hope …"
Speaker's hopes, desires, wishes, or fears. Expectation is dependent on causes that are beyond the speaker's control.
Precative (PREC)
"Please happen."
"(Please) let this happen."
Æskœ þos kerit. "I ask that …"
Mendœ þos kerit. "I beg that …"
Plea, insistence, imploring, self-encouragement, wish, desire, intent, command, purpose or consequence.
Imperative "Happen!"
"It must happen."
Direct and unquestionable commands and prohibitions.4
Dubitative "I doubt that this happens." Speaker's doubt or uncertainty about the event denoted by the verb.
Hypothetical "This could happen [if…]" A counterfactual but possible event or situation.
Presumptive "[Even] if this happens … " Presupposition or hypothesis, regardless the fact denoted by the verb, as well as other more or less similar attitudes: doubt, curiosity, concern, condition, indifference, inevitability.
Permissive "I allow this to happen."
"I approve of this happening."
Licodœ þos kerit.
Venerodœ þos kerit.
Permission granted by the speaker.
Admirative (MIR) "This happens? No… " Surprise, but also doubt, irony, sarcasm, etc.
Inferential (INFER)
"I heard that this happens." See Evidentiality. Reports a nonwitnessed event without confirming it.
Interrogative "Does this happen?" Questions.