Indo-European Words: Ten.

I. Basic form *dekṃ.

  1. Germanic *tehun. Old English ten, Old Norse tjan.
  2. Germanic *tehan. Old English suffix -tēne, -tīne, -tÿne, ten, -teen.
  3. Latin decem.
  4. Irregular Latin distributive dēnī, by tens, ten each (formed by analogy with nōnī, nine each). denarius.
  5. Greek deka.

II. Germanic *tigu-, ten, decad (of uncertain formation, as though < *deku-), in compound *twēgentig.

III. Ordinal number *dekto-. Germanic *teguntha-. Old English teogotha, totha. tenth, tithe.

IV. Suffixed zero-grade form *-dkṃ-tā, reduced to *-kṃtā, and lengthened o-grade form *-dkōm-tā, reduced to *-kontā.

  1. Latin -gint, ten times. g*
  2. Greek *-konta, ten times.

V. Suffixed zero-grade form *dkṃ-tom, hundred, reduced to *ktom.

  1. Germanic *hundam, hundred. #und*
  2. Germanic compound *thūs-hundi, “swollen hundred,” thousand.
  3. Latin centum, hundred.
  4. Greek hekaton, a hundred (? dissimilated from *hem-katon, one hundred).
  5. Old Church Slavonic sūto, hundred. stotinka
  6. Avestan satəm, hundred. satem
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