"Active Voice","A sentence construction in which the subject is the agent and the direct object is the patient."
"Agent","The cause or initiator of an event."
"Base","The primary type of element in Hilinqwo. A morpheme that is not a complete official word, but can be transformed into a complete word by attaching the appropriate base ending."
"Base Ending","An element that turns a base into a word."
"Constructor","A constructor is a base, suffix or prefix that is used to build new bases and words from existing bases."
"Derivation","Derivation is the process of using existing elements — bases, prefixes and suffixes — to form new bases, prefixes and suffixes."
"Derivative","Element that is formed by concatenating one or more elements according to the rules of derivation."
"Element","A sequence of letters or phonemes that constitutes one of the basic building blocks of Hilinqwo words, phrases and sentences."
"Express Word","A word that is used to reduce the number of words needed to express a thought or idea."
"Facility","For the purposes of Hilinqwo, a facility is a structure, generally enclosed, generally free-standing, that serves or is designated for a particular purpose."
"Focus","Of a sentence, what the sentence says about the topic."
"Gerund","A noun that represents an abstract action or state described by a verb or adjective."
"Grammatical Element Group","An element group that implies influence on grammatical rules. Compare with semantic group, pragmatic group."
"Group","Elements are grouped based on well-defined common characteristic. These groupings do more than just facilitate organization and instruction; they also help make it easier to define rules and structure for the language."
"Imperfect Tense","A tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous."
"Instrument","The means by which an indicated action or situation takes place."
"Modifier","An element that can always be attached to morphemes of a particular class to form new morphemes."
"Morpheme","A concatenation of letters valid for word formation, consisting of either a single element or a grammatically-valid concatenation of elements. There are five types of morphemes (linguistic units) in Hilinqwo: bases, prefixes, suffixes, base endings, and prefix endings."
"Nominative Group","A grammatical group based on a noun—an object, idea, concept, action, or state of being."
"Passive Voice","A sentence construction in which the subject is the patient and the direct object is the agent."
"Patient","The participant of a situation upon whom an action is carried out."
"Pragmatic Element Group","An element group that implies context or contextual usage. Compare with grammatical group, semantic group."
"Pragmatics","How Hilinqwo elements are used in context."
"Predicate","A syntactic unit that consists of a verb and of all the words governed by the verb or modifying it, the whole often expressing the action performed by or the state attributed to the subject."
"Prefix","An element particularly intended to be prepended onto other elements for word formation."
"Root Element","An element that was created from some source other than derivation or compounding."
"Semantic Element Group","An element group that implies meaning. Compare with grammatical group, pragmatic group."
"Semantics","The meaning of Hilinqwo elements."
"Short Name","A name for a person formed from one base of the person's multi-element official name."
"Subgroup","A logical division within a group. Subgroups are not recognized as distinct groups."
"Substance","Any tangible material that is not taken in discrete components but rather can be present in any fractional quantity."
"Suffix","An element particularly intended to be appended onto other elements for word formation."
"Technical Group","A pragmatic group that denotes technical usage."
"Topic","Of a sentence, what the sentence is discussing."
"Valence","The number of arguments controlled by a verbal predicate."