Patient Class ACTIVE

Elements for which the subject is the patient, target or undergoer of the action.

Element Class(es) Gloss / Clarification Taxonomy
-abend* rel dat pa To receive the ability to do the action described by the source base.
-abolv* rel abl pa To lose the ability to do the action described by the source base.
adipend* v: dat pa To gain body fat.
adipolv* v: abl pa To lose body fat.
ækwift* abs cau pa To equalize, balance. Equality
ærolv* abl pa To be deprived of air (by/from), suffocate.
æroft* cau pa To become gas, vaporize, sublimate. Vaporization
ævolv* abl pa To lose time (from/by), run out of time. Time
-akim* abs pa Raised by, reared by. Names, Titles and Greetings
akend* unb pos rel dat pa To become sharp (by/from). Sharpness
neakift* rel cau pa To lose sharpness (by/due to), become blunt (by/due to).
aktend* dat pa To receive radiation, be irradiated. Radioactivity
akwolv* abl pa To dehydrate, dry out. Dryness
albift* rel cau pa To become pale (from/by). Achromatism
alift* abs cau pa To become an adult, grow up. Adulthood
almend* dat pa To learn (from), be educated (by). Learner
amtabob* pa rel ess Loveable.
-amos* fig abs pa "Carried, raised, established." Can refer to transportation in general but can carry connotations of salvation.
amt* pa Loved, beloved. None. Friendship
aqorift* cau pa Hired, employed, rented (by/from).
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Details and Notes]]

Agency

In linguistics, a grammatical agent is the cause or initiator of an event. The word agent is also used in this manner in Hilinqwo. Note that the agent is not necessarily the subject of the sentence. Consider the two sentences:

Kanos edit karnom. Dogs eat meat.
Karnos edtit kanom. Meat is eaten by dogs.

In both statements, kan* ("dog") is the agent. Karn* ("meat") is the patient. The voice used reflects the direction of agency. The first sentence is of the active voice: The subject is the agent and the direct object is the patient. The second sentence uses the passive voice: The subject is the patient and the direct object is the agent.

Hilinqwo also recognizes the following aspects of agency:

Instrument The means by which the indicated action or situation takes place. Usually something discrete and tangible. dis tg
Intent The ends of the action or situation. dis itg
Result The tangible product or result of the indicated action or situation. tg
Facility The location where the indicated action or situation takes place. dis tg
The reason for the action. dis itg

The groups of the Agency supergroup are mutually exclusive.

Thesaurus

Name Gloss
Booty Dative patient of stealing.
Cargo Patient of transportation.
Contents Object of containment. Subject of presence within a container.
Core Subject of centrality.
Decrement Patient of deduction.
Dupe Patient of deception. Person who acts, believe or trust too readily, especially without proper or adequate evidence or reason. Agent of credulity.
Enema Insertion of liquid into one's body via the rectum.
Object of involuntary or compulsive insertion.
Formation Reception of form.
Goal Object of intention.
Idea Discrete object of thought.
Idol Object of idolatry.
Keep Patient of restraint.
Laughingstock Object and cause of ridicule.
Learning Passive education.
Liege Object of obedience.
News Object of disclosure.
Object of Acquisition
Object of Desire
Object of Giving
Opponent Target of antagonism.
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Subgroups

Roots

Element Class(es) Gloss / Clarification Taxonomy

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