Means (Instrument) Group ACTIVE

Means by which an agent performs an action.

Element Class(es) Gloss / Clarification Taxonomy
abakempuraq* abl inst dis tg Instrument that removes chaff. Duster, vacuum cleaner.
ækuraq* inst dis tg Means of torture. Scourge. Torture
akenduraq* cau inst dis tg Means of sharpening.
akifuraq* n: cau inst dis tg Means of sharpening. Sharpness
akobl* inst ess sta dis tg Cutting edge. Sharpness
akoruraq* cau inst dis tg Means of sharpening.
akward* inst dis tg Water tank.
akwoduraq* inst dat dis tg Dative means of water.
akworuraq* inst gen dis tg Generative means of water.
ankur* abs inst dis tg Anchor. Vinculum dropped by a chain, cable, or rope to the bottom of a body of water for preventing or restricting the motion of a vessel or other floating object, typically having broad, hooklike arms that bury themselves in the bottom to provide a firm hold. Anchor
-aq* act itg > inst tg Means. Instrumentality by which an action takes place. Means
-arc* inst dis tg Instrument of restraint of a particular. Restraint
-ard* inst dis tg Tool or device that holds, protects or captures something; receptacle; cage. Container
asp* inst dis tg Protective device or shield that is held in the hand or attached to a limb. Instruments of Defense
ðornard* inst dis tg Birdcage. Container for Animals
awksaq* inst m tg Supplies. Means of aid. Supplies
awl* inst dis tg Pot, particularly one for cooking.
baloruraq* gen inst dis tg Generative means of projectiles. Gun
bandard* inst dis tg Flagpole.
bawkn* inst dis tg Signal. Means of indication. Signal
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Details and Notes]]

Agency

In linguistics, a grammatical agent is the cause or initiator of an event. The word agent is also used in this manner in Hilinqwo. Note that the agent is not necessarily the subject of the sentence. Consider the two sentences:

Kanos edit karnom. Dogs eat meat.
Karnos edtit kanom. Meat is eaten by dogs.

In both statements, kan* ("dog") is the agent. Karn* ("meat") is the patient. The voice used reflects the direction of agency. The first sentence is of the active voice: The subject is the agent and the direct object is the patient. The second sentence uses the passive voice: The subject is the patient and the direct object is the agent.

Hilinqwo also recognizes the following aspects of agency:

Instrument The means by which the indicated action or situation takes place. Usually something discrete and tangible. dis tg
Intent The ends of the action or situation. dis itg
Result The tangible product or result of the indicated action or situation. tg
Facility The location where the indicated action or situation takes place. dis tg
The reason for the action. dis itg

The groups of the Agency supergroup are mutually exclusive.

Analytical Instruments of Air in Motion

Wind-gauge, anemometer, anemoscope, anemograph, anemometrograph; weathercock, weathervane, vane.

Cage

Cage Prison for animals.

Claw

Claw Unguous instrument of retention. Talon, pincers, nippers, vise.

Gauge of Linear Dimension

Pedometer, odometer, odograph, viameter, viatometer, telemeter, perambulator.

Gauge of Weighing

Gauge of Weighing Balance, scales.

Instruments of Hearing

Ear trumpet, speaking trumpet; telephone, phonograph, microphone; gramophone, phonograph, megaphone, phonorganon; audiphone, dentiphone; stethoscope.

Thesaurus

Name Gloss
Ambush Means of concealment.
Anchor Vinculum dropped by a chain, cable, or rope to the bottom of a body of water for preventing or restricting the motion of a vessel or other floating object, typically having broad, hooklike arms that bury themselves in the bottom to provide a firm hold.
Barometer Gauge of air pressure.
Bathometer Gauge of depth.
Bed Instrument on which sleep takes place.
Capsule
Clothing Instrument of covering.
Club Blunt instrument of impulse by striking with a broad surface.
Container Instrument of containment.
Container for Animals
Container of Perfumery
Curtain Large fabric serving as a screen for a window.
Cutting Edge Essive instrument of sharpness.
Dative of Pendency
Dynamometer Gauge of impulse.
Ear
Eye Means of vision.
Factory Facility or instrument of production.
Fan Instrument for setting air in motion.
Fang Long, pointed tooth used for injecting venom.
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Subgroups

Abbreviation Name Definition

Roots

Element Class(es) Gloss / Clarification Taxonomy

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