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pen* unb rel m itg
nbsp; IE *kwei- [link]

Pain, punishment, penance.

Synonyms (move to note)

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Details and Notes


pen* General base.

ank* Anxiety.
mær* Grief.
miser* Unhappiness, infelicity, misery, tribulation, wretchedness, desolation.
veks* Annoyance, irritation, worry, infliction, visitation; plague, bore; bother, botheration; stew, vexation, mortification, chagrin, esclandre.

Stress, care, fret, burden, load, trouble, trial, ordeal, solicitude, shock, blow, cark, dole.
Displeasure, dissatisfaction, discomfort, discomposure, disquiet; malaise; inquietude, uneasiness.
mental suffering, pain, dolor; suffering, sufferance; ache, smart (physical pain) [more]; passion.
nightmare, ephialtes, incubus.
pang, anguish, agony; torture, torment; purgatory (hell) [more].

penos* Essive of pain: Sufferer, victim, prey, martyr, wretch.

Passive Affections Correlations

penor* synonyms

Trial, affliction, infliction; cross, blow, stroke, burden, load, curse.
ANNOYANCE, grievance, nuisance, vexation, mortification, sickener [rare], worry, bore, bother, pother, hot water, “sea of troubles” [Hamlet], hornet’s nest, plague, pest.
Wound, sore subject, cancer, ulcer, sting, thorn; canker (bane) [See Bane]; scorpion (evildoer) [See Evildoer]; dagger (arms) [See Arms]; scourge &c. (instrument of punishment) [See Scourge]; carking care [archaic], canker worm of care.
mishap, misfortune (adversity) [See Adversity]; désagrément [F.], esclandre [F.], rub.

Usage Examples  


Element Class(es) Gloss / Clarification Taxonomy
penemp* unb rel abl ac 1. To relieve pain, comfort.
2. To acquit.
penew* rel abe sta m itg Painlessness.
penodaq* unb rel dat inst dis tg Instrument of punishment, scourge.
penempent* abl tg Pain reliever.
penod* unb rel dat tr To inflict pain on, punish, penalize.
penor* unb rel gen act Cause of pain.
penorœk* fac dis tg Facility of punishment, penitentiary.

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